to Quick Study
of the Neutron
and Metallurgy of uranium
and Chemical Waste
source for nuclear science information
look back confirms that discoveries in nuclear chemistry and physics were
the most important technical developments of the 20 th century. The
opportunities and questions that arise from nuclear energy and nuclear
weapons are the primary legacy of these great inventions of the past.
We are left
with the legacy of radiation and the fear of contamination, of only partial
success in the generation of nuclear power, of
widespread medical uses of radioisotopes and with
the worldwide question, as yet unsolved as we race through the new millennium, of what
we should do with nuclear byproducts.
this ChemCases.com unit we link the basic concepts of nuclear chemistry.
We begin with Chadwick's discovery of the neutron
and the rapid elucidation of the decay and fission of the heavy element
atoms. From this science comes the realization that the energy produced
can be used for weapons - a thought that crystallizes just as world war
seems imminent in 1939. Finally, we describe the chemistry of the heavy
elements and show how isolation of uranium isotopes and the discovery and
isolation of the synthetic element plutonium leads to weapons in the hands
of the Allies and ends World War II.